Alergia a los medicamentos

Drug Allergy

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Alergia a los medicamentosDrugs are clearly useful for the human being: they help us on the fight against diseases.

A side effect is the unwanted drug reaction appearing after taking the pill in its recommended dose.

Allergy account for 5 to 10% of all drug side effects. It means that the immune system (defense) of the patient overreacts and attack the drug molecule itself.

[quote align=”center” color=”blue”]Not every drug side effect is allergic

Classification of drug side effects

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  • intolerance: the patient suffers gastrointestinal symptoms (discomfort, pain or diarrhea) with the medication (example: antibiotics)
  • less ability to get rid of the drug in a normal time: it may mean liver or kidney problems
  • two or more drugs at the same time rival to be metabolized: may do higher levels of one of the medicines.
  • drug overdose: they can be toxic and produce symptoms, specially on long regimes.
  • lack of metabolic pathway (enzymatic defect) to degrade the drug.
  • Allergy: the body reacts with an attack against the drug molecule through the immune system.

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Common medication associated with allergic reaction

The most common medications causing allery in our environment are the most frequently consumed groups:

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  • antibiotics: mainly penicillin
  • non steroidal anti-inflammatory: drugs belonging to the aspirin-group (used as pain killers and to treat inflamation and swelling).
  • some other drugs as anesthesics and medications used in the treatment of epilepsy.

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Image: Renjith Krishnan/FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Clinica Alergias Málaga Doctor Barceló

Calle Pinzon, 10 - 29001 Málaga 
952 120102 - 626 059172

informacion@doctorbarcelo.com

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